Prostate cancer is a disease that occurs in the male reproductive system. This cancer is very common as by far the most causes of death in the states.
The prostate itself accounts for manufacturing of semen. Anatomically, the prostate gland can be found between the bladder and rectum, so sometimes in diagnosed the ailment we require finger rectal examination besides PSA blood test.
Early signs and symptoms of prostate cancer nearly often overlooked, since it is usually without symptoms. This can be one answer for the question why this most often present in men aged fifty years as well as the most often diagnosed in the seventies. Indeed in line with the age, symptom which had been not visible will likely be visible. a frequent complaint expressed by people with the ailment is pain, particularly if you urinate, sometimes you are going to found bleeding in urination, and the actual existence of ere-ctile dysfunction.
The diagnosis of prostate cancer is taken through physical examination or by using a blood test named PSA. This Prostate Specific Antigen, is definitely the antigen if it found in someone`s blood, the doctor will suspect him suffer the cancer. Later the suspicions of prostate specific antigen will probably be confirmed if you take a tissue biopsy.
Appropriate prostatitis treatment for prostate cancer remains to be under debate. Treatments vary, dependant upon the stage. In the early stages can be used prostatectomy (removing of prostate) and radiation therapy. If prostate cancer has spread, hormonal manipulation can be achieved (reduce testosterone levels through the removing of drugs or the testis) or chemotherapy.
1. Radical prostatectomy (elimination of the prostate gland).
Often performed on stage cancer A and B. The process is long and is also usually performed under general anesthesia or spinal. An incision is manufactured within the abdomen or perineal area, along with the patient needed to undergo hospital treatment for 5-one week. Complications that could happen is impo-tence and incontinence uri. In patients that are still active love life, can be accomplished Potency-sparing radical prostatectomy.
2. Orkiektomi (elimination of the testes, castration).
Appointment of two testes have decreased testosterone levels, but this treatment causes physical and psychological effects that may stop being tolerated from the patients. Orkiektomi is an excellent treatment, does not require re-treatment, compared to cheaper drugs and after undergoing orkiektomi patient failed to need 3d prostate treatment. Orkiektomi usually done about the cancer which had spread.
Radiation therapy used primarily to treat cancer of any, B and C. Usually if the danger of surgical procedures are way too high, then do radiation therapy. Radiation therapy towards the prostate gland can be accomplished in several ways:
1. External radiation therapy performed in hospitals without the need to undergo hospitalization. Side effects such as decreased appetite, fatigue, skin reactions (like redness and irritation), injury or burns to the rectum, diarrhea, cystitis (bladder infection) and hematuria. External radiation therapy is usually done just as much as five times / week for 6-8 weeks.
2. Transplant iodine beads, gold or iridium radioactive directly on prostate tissue using a small incision. The advantage of this particular type of radiation therapy is that radiation is directed directly to the prostate with tissue damage within the surrounding smaller.
1. Hormonal manipulation
The goal is always to reduce the quantity of testosterone. Decrease in testosterone levels are usually quite effective in preventing the growth and spread of cancer. Hormonal manipulation is mainly accustomed to alleviate symptoms without curing prostate cancer, namely cancer in patients who definitely have been spreading.
Synthetic drug whose function resembles luteinizing hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH), the greater number of popular to take care of advanced prostate cancer. A good example will be the lupron or zoladeks.
These drugs suppress the development of stimulating the testes to testosterone (this is called chemical castration as it provides the same result with the removing of the testes). Drugs given as injections, usually every ninety days. The side effects are vomiting and nausea, flushed face, anemia, protatitis and impo-tence.
Other drugs used for hormonal treatment therapy is androgen inhibitor (eg flutamid), which function in order to avoid the attachment of testosterone on prostate cells. Along side it effects are impot-ence, liver disorders, diarrhea, and gynecomastia (enlarged breasts).
Chemotherapy is often accustomed to treat symptoms of prostate cancer is resistant to hormonal therapy. Usually given one particular drug or mix of several drugs to destroy cancer cells.
Drugs that will employed to treat prostate cancer is:
One side effects vary and depend upon the drugs given. You need to carefully think about the benefits and unwanted effects of both treatments to find the prostate cancer treatment options that suited along.